Lactuca Serriola (Prickly Lettuce): Discover the Hidden Treasures of this Wild Medicinal Plant

Throughout history, our ancestors have turned to the bounties of nature not only to satisfy their culinary cravings but also to harness the incredible healing potential that many wild plants offer. Lactuca serriola, commonly known as Prickly Lettuce, is one such remarkable wild medicinal herb that thrives in diverse ecosystems and holds a plethora of therapeutic benefits. In this article, we’ll delve into the world of Lactuca serriola and unveil the virtues it carries for our well-being.

Exploring Prickly Lettuce

Lactuca serriola belongs to the Asteraceae family and is closely related to the common garden lettuce (Lactuca sativa). However, its distinct characteristic lies in its serrated, spiky leaves, which set it apart from its cultivated counterpart. This rugged wild herb can be found growing abundantly in various regions, often lurking at the edges of fields, along roadsides, and in waste areas.

In the traditions of rural communities, Prickly Lettuce earned its reputation as a “first aid” remedy, with a saying echoing through generations that “the path to Prickly Lettuce is shorter than that to the doctor’s office.” While it’s important to emphasize that Prickly Lettuce is not a substitute for professional medical care, its natural healing properties should not be underestimated, and we’ll highlight some of them below.

The Healing Bounty of Prickly Lettuce

Lactuca serriola is a veritable storehouse of beneficial compounds, including flavonoids, iridoids, mucilage, tannins, and essential minerals. These components bestow upon it a wide array of health benefits, making it a valuable addition to your natural remedy arsenal.

  1. Relaxing and Expectorant Action: Prickly Lettuce is renowned for its soothing and expectorant effects, which can help ease respiratory discomfort and coughing.
  2. Toning Mucous Membranes: It has the ability to tone mucous membranes, making it a valuable ally in addressing issues related to these delicate tissues.
  3. Antispasmodic Properties: Prickly Lettuce exhibits antispasmodic qualities, making it useful in mitigating muscle spasms and cramps.
  4. Anticatarrhal Abilities: It can assist in reducing catarrh, a common symptom of respiratory conditions, by promoting the expulsion of mucus.
  5. Healing and Hemostatic Action: Prickly Lettuce’s hemostatic properties can help control bleeding and support the healing process.

Ways to Utilize Prickly Lettuce

Harnessing the potential of Lactuca serriola is easy and versatile. Here are some ways you can incorporate it into your health and wellness routine:

1. Tincture:


  • Fresh or dried Prickly Lettuce leaves
  • High-proof alcohol (e.g., vodka or grain alcohol)


  1. Begin by harvesting fresh Prickly Lettuce leaves if available. Alternatively, you can use dried leaves.
  2. Chop or crush the leaves to expose their surface area. Fresh leaves are preferred for tinctures, but dried leaves can also be used effectively.
  3. Place the crushed leaves in a clean, airtight glass jar.
  4. Pour enough high-proof alcohol over the leaves to completely cover them. Ensure that the alcohol used is at least 40% alcohol by volume (80 proof).
  5. Seal the jar tightly and shake it gently.
  6. Store the jar in a cool, dark place for about 2-4 weeks. Shake the jar daily to agitate the mixture.
  7. After the steeping period, strain the liquid through a fine mesh strainer or cheesecloth into a clean, dark glass bottle.
  8. Your Prickly Lettuce tincture is ready for use. Take 3-5 ml (approximately 60 drops or 1 teaspoon) of the tincture three times a day to combat conditions such as catarrh, gastritis, or irritable bowel syndrome.

2. Juice:


  • Dried Prickly Lettuce leaves
  • Water


  1. Begin by drying Prickly Lettuce leaves. This can be done by laying them out in a single layer on a clean, dry surface, away from direct sunlight, until they are thoroughly dried.
  2. Once the leaves are dry, grind them into a fine powder using a mortar and pestle or a clean coffee grinder.
  3. To make the juice, take 2 teaspoons of the dried leaf powder and mix it with a small amount of water to form a paste.
  4. Gradually add more water while stirring to achieve a juice-like consistency.
  5. Consume 2 teaspoons of the Prickly Lettuce juice three times a day to address conditions such as cystitis, diarrhea, and lung infections. For wound care, apply the juice topically to the affected area for its healing properties.

3. Infusion:


  • Fresh Prickly Lettuce leaves
  • Boiling water


  1. Harvest fresh Prickly Lettuce leaves, ensuring they are clean and free from contaminants.
  2. Boil water and let it cool slightly.
  3. Place a handful of fresh Prickly Lettuce leaves in a teapot or heatproof container.
  4. Pour the hot water over the leaves, enough to cover them completely.
  5. Cover the container and let it steep for about 10-15 minutes.
  6. Strain the infusion into a cup.
  7. Drink a cup of the Prickly Lettuce infusion three times a day to combat phlegm. This infusion can also be used as a gargle to relieve an inflamed throat.

4. Syrup:


  • 225 grams of sugar
  • 300 ml of Prickly Lettuce infusion (prepared as described in the infusion section)


  1. Prepare the Prickly Lettuce infusion as mentioned above.
  2. While the infusion is still warm, mix it with 225 grams of sugar until the sugar completely dissolves.
  3. Once the mixture cools, store it in a clean, airtight bottle.
  4. Take 5 ml (1 teaspoon) of the Prickly Lettuce syrup to soothe an inflamed throat and cough.

5. Poultices:


  • Fresh green Prickly Lettuce leaves


  1. Harvest fresh green Prickly Lettuce leaves, making sure they are clean and free from contaminants.
  2. Grind the leaves into a paste-like consistency using a mortar and pestle or a clean food processor.
  3. Apply the resulting paste directly to wounds that are slow to heal or to treat chronic ulcers.
  4. For insect bites, apply the poultice to the affected area to alleviate discomfort.

Now that you’re acquainted with the remarkable properties of Lactuca serriola, the next time you encounter this wild wonder in your vicinity, consider plucking some and harnessing the gifts of nature for your well-being. Remember, while Prickly Lettuce can be a valuable natural remedy, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for serious health concerns.

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Credit: Og Oasis

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